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My path to primary medicine and bioethics started in 10th grade as I began taking science classes. After high school, I attended Harvard College and graduated summa cum laude in 1968. From Harvard, I went to Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons, graduating in 1972. I am honored that I received the Winchester award at Graduation. This award is given to the graduate who best exemplifies the humanitarian aspect of Medicine.


Initially trained in Pediatrics at Dartmouth’s Mary Hitchcock hospital in New Hampshire, I started general family medicine with the federally funded Community Family Health Centers in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Five years later, I started the CHP (Community Health Plan, one of the first HMO programs) health center in Hudson, NY and started a medical career in Columbia County that would continue for 37 years.​


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